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Saudi Arabia
 

King Abdullah King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz
Al Saud

Custodian of the two Holy Mosques


Rulers
King Abdulaziz bin Abdelrahman Al-Saud, the founder (1932-1963), followed by his sons: King Saud (1953-64), King Faisal (1964-75), King Khalid (1975-82), King Fahd (1982-2005) and the current ruler, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz.

Population
As of the 2004 census, 22.7 million, including about 6 million expatriates.
Affiliations
Founding member of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), United Nations, League of Arab States, Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), and Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC); member of many international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund; signatory of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and member of the World Trade Organization (WTO).


Flag

Green background, with in white letters the Muslim creed in Arabic: "There is no god but God: Muhammad is the Messenger of God."

Calendar

Islamic (Hijrah), dating from emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Makkah to Madinah;weekend,Thursday and Friday.
The 12 months of Islamic lunar year

Muharram, Safar, Rabi' Al-Awal, Rabi' Al-Akher, Jumada Al-Awal,Jumada Al-Akher,Rajab,Sha'ban,Ramadan,Shawwal. Dhu Al-Qadah , Dhu Al-Hajjah .
Holidays

Closure of all offices and schools on Eid Al-Fitr, the feast of
the breaking of the fast, from the evening of the last day of
Ramadan through the third day of Shawwal;and Eid Al-Adha, the culmination of the Hajj, from the tenth through twelfth of Dhu Al-Hajjah.
Business

Government offices Saturday through Wednesday from 7:30 am to 2:30 pm; private businesses from 8:00 am to noon and 3:00 pm to 6:00 pm; general banking from 8:00 am until noon and from 5:00 pm until 8:00 pm and markets and shops from 8:00 am until 10:00 pm.
Currency

Saudi Riyal (SR); $1=SR 3.745. 1 Euro = SR 4.8. Travel notes: Entry visas required.
Emblem

A date palm, representing vitality and growth, and two crossed swords, symbolizing justice and strength rooted in faith.

Religion

Islam,which is the basis of the legal system and of government.
Language

Arabic; English widely spoken in urban areas.
National Day

September 23, commemorating the foundation of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.
Telecom

Country code 966;Area codes Riyadh - 1, Jeddah/Makkah/Taif - 2, Dammam/Dhahran - 3, Madinah/Tabuk/Yanbu - 4.
Time

Greenwich Mean Time plus three (GMT+3) = Eastern Standard Time plus eight (seven during Daylight Savings Time).
   
 
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